Hello, you’re welcome to the summary of last week’s lessons on WATCHYOURGRAMMAR, brought to you by Gird Center. In the previous week, we discussed the difference between ‘FAVOURITE’ and ‘BEST’, looked at the actual meaning of the adjective ‘LITERALLY’, and analyzed what it is Ghanaians mean when they say “My head is paining me”.

We shall commence with the first lesson, which was the difference between the adjectives ‘FAVOURITE’ and ‘BEST’. Take a look at this:

Do you think ‘BEST’ Olympiad and ‘FAVOURITE’ Olympiad have the same meaning? Can ‘BEST’ and ‘FAVOURITE’ be used interchangeably?

The adjectival form of ‘BEST’ is sometimes used interchangeably with the adjective ‘FAVOURITE’. These words are different, however.

‘BEST’ means ‘the person/thing who is most outstanding or excellent; someone/something who tops all others’. ‘FAVOURITE’ on the other hand means ‘something/someone regarded with special favor or liking.’

Justin Gatlin may be your ‘FAVOURITE’ athlete in the Olympics, but Usain Bolt was the ‘BEST’ because he came first in the race. From this example, we see that ‘BEST’ is not the same as ‘FAVOURITE’.

Remember, your ‘FAVOURITE’ book isn’t necessarily the ‘BEST’ book you’ve read. You just have a special liking for it.

Secondly, we discussed the actual meaning of the adverb ‘LITERALLY’, as this word is often confused with ‘FIGURATIVELY’.This confusion should not be the case as these two words are antonyms. ‘LITERALLY’ means ‘in a literal sense’ or ‘in actual fact’. ‘LITERALLY’ does not mean ‘FIGURATIVELY’.

Take a look at the example below. Do you think this statement is correct?

‘Afiyo has really good night vision; she is LITERALLY an owl’.

This sentence is incorrect; this is because Afiyo is a human being; she cannot in actual fact be an owl.

Here is how LITERALLY can be used correctly: ‘Ama is not well; she LITERALLY passed out on my couch’.

Lastly, we discussed the Ghanaianism ‘MY HEAD IS PAINING ME’. How often have you heard someone say that a part of their body is “PAINING” them?

Take a look at the scenario below.
Esi was at the ECG office on Monday. She met Maafua, and told Maafua that her knee was ‘PAINING’ her.

‘PAINING’ is a Ghanaian way of saying ‘I have this or that physical pain’.

‘My stomach is PAINING me’ is informal; it should be reserved for casual and informal conversations.

In formal settings, Esi ought to say “I have a TUMMY ACHE, can I be excused from class today?”

That’s all for the summary of last week’s lesson; see you again next week; enjoy the rest of the day. #GirdCenter #WeWRITEWeEDITWeTRAIN

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